This water reaches the coast of Antarctica and increases the rate of ice melt. In 2003-2015, the melting rate slowed down due to weaker winds. Their cause was the low pressure of the Amundsen Sea. Air circulation and the strength of the sea wind in the region depend on the pressure in this sea. off the coast of the Bellingshausen Sea are melting faster due to consistently strong winds. “The destruction of the ice cover is not an inevitable process. It depends on how the climate changes over the next few decades. People can influence this if they reduce greenhouse gas emissions,” said study co-author Professor Eric Steig of the University of Washington in Seattle. What does it mean The ice sheet in Antarctica contains about 80-90% of all fresh water reserves on the planet. If the Antarctic ice completely melts, then the level of the World Ocean will rise by about 60-70 m.
According to NASA, about 150 billion tons of ice melts in Antarctica Russia WhatsApp Number List annually, and since the early 1990s, about 3 trillion tons of ice has already melted . The main reason for the melting of glaciers is global warming. Since the Industrial Revolution, emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases have increased. This led to an increase in temperature throughout the planet, including at the poles. From drought in Europe to floods in Pakistan, 2022 has been a year of extreme climate events with record high temperatures.
The hottest summer in Europe 2022 was the fifth warmest year on record, with Europe experiencing its hottest summer ever, according to the EU climate agency Copernicus and the US space agency NASA . The average temperature on Earth during the year was 0.3 °C higher compared to the period from 1991 to 2020, and 1.2 °C higher than in the second half of the 19th century. Heatwaves have destroyed crops, led to wildfires and increased death rates in parts of the world. Samantha Burgess, Deputy Director of Europe's Copernicus Climate Change Service, said: “These developments demonstrate that we are already experiencing the devastating effects of global warming.